The Importance of Communicative Approach in Language Teaching

From past to present, many different methods have been applied to teach language naturally. Since many applied language methods are communicatively incomplete, linguists have needed to search for different methods, because the relevant methods only support certain areas of language proficiency and the area of communication has always remained incomplete.


Contrary to popular belief in language teaching, knowing good grammar does not mean that the learned language is used and spoken very well. For this reason, since traditional methods in language teaching were only aimed at learning grammar, after the nineties, it was suggested that expressing oneself, especially in daily language, is not just about knowing the rules of grammar well. Language education implemented in the past has revealed that it did not contribute to people's ability to communicate in the target language because it was taught using traditional methods. For this reason, many new communication-based methods have emerged. One of these and the most frequently used is the communicative approach method.


In the communicative approach, the aim should be pragmatic; In other words, the aim should be for the language learner to express himself and communicate in the target language he has learned. This education method is applied in many language schools and colleges today. While teaching the language, grammar rules are given implicitly, but the main purpose is to teach based on the conversations we will encounter during the day, based on the dialogues in daily language. Thanks to this method, which is entirely based on speaking, people who learn the language begin to speak the target language fluently after a certain time.


Considering the pragmatic purposes of the language, the use of methods such as the communicative approach in language teaching has enabled the users of that language to learn the language better and to use the target language in the same way as they use their native language. Compared to the past, the fact that language users today speak the target language they have learned better and communicate better in the target language is one of the most important evidence that we should put old and traditional methods aside.